Governor Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan is promising a transparent, impartial investigation into a law enforcement capturing of a Black guy in Grand Rapids, Mich.


Protesters gathered past night time to reveal versus a police killing in their metropolis. That adopted yesterday’s launch of footage by Grand Rapids police in which Patrick Lyoya was shot and killed by a white police officer when facial area down for the duration of an altercation subsequent a website traffic prevent.

INSKEEP: Dustin Dwyer of our member station Michigan Radio is in Grand Rapids and joins us now. Dustin, superior early morning.


INSKEEP: So there is certainly a lot of online video here. Wander us by what transpired.

DWYER: It was Monday early morning, 10 days in the past, 8:11 a.m. A Grand Rapids, Mich., police officer stops a driver in a residential neighborhood. Police say the motive for the halt was that the license plate on that car didn’t match the description of the automobile. And it was that site visitors prevent that turned into a foot chase, then a struggle, and it finished with the police officer taking pictures and killing Patrick Lyoya.

INSKEEP: And a good deal of this is captured on movie. We’re heading to play a very little little bit of 1 of the video clips that was launched Wednesday by the Grand Rapids Law enforcement Department. This starts as a traffic prevent. You see the officer pull Lyoya about, and Lyoya, as an alternative of staying in the automobile, which is what they inform you to do, actions out of the car, and then there’s a conversation on the avenue. Let’s listen.


Unidentified OFFICER: Can I see your license?

PATRICK LYOYA: What did I do mistaken?

Unidentified OFFICER: The plate does not belong on this auto. Do you have a license or no?

INSKEEP: You listen to him stating, what did I do incorrect? What takes place following?

DWYER: Properly, he sounds puzzled at initial. And then what Lyoya attempts to do is he starts off to type of stroll absent from the officer, and then that officer tries to seize him, and Lyoya then runs away. The officer chases after him. You see a struggle. That struggle goes on for extra than a moment. Towards the conclude of this overall body cam video clip, you do see Lyoya access for the officer’s taser and seize it. And that is – just after that, the law enforcement officer’s human body cam actually turns into deactivated in this struggle.

INSKEEP: I guess we must be crystal clear – the officer even now has his hand on the taser, has the finger on the result in, but Lyoya has grabbed the barrel of the taser at that final second. Then that human body cam goes away. There are other angles, even so, from other cameras, which includes a cellphone video taken by a passenger in a car or truck, and that captures the precise capturing. What does it present us?

DWYER: Well, it demonstrates us that the taser goes off 2 times. And then you see that Lyoya and this officer are on the ground having difficulties. The officer tells Lyoya to allow go of the taser. Lyoya at this level is deal with down. The officer is on top of him, variety of straddling him, striving to push and hold him down. And last of all, you see the officer then achieve for the gun at his hip and shoots at the again of Lyoya’s head. And that’s the shot that kills him.

INSKEEP: Just a surprising minute. How have people in Grand Rapids responded to this?

DWYER: Perfectly, there’s anger. There is certainly grief. A ton of people today experienced read this online video explained in the past 10 times. There experienced been a number of demonstrations contacting for these movies to be launched. It is been tense this complete time. There were demonstrations very last night. Robert S. Womack is a county commissioner. He’s spoken to the Lyoya family members, who has known as this an execution. The Lyoya loved ones, they’re Congolese refugees who arrived to this region fleeing violence. Womack reported he observed the movie, and he mentioned it did add excess context to the struggle that led to the taking pictures.

ROBERT S WOMACK: But at the exact time, whenever you set your knee on a person’s again and you just take out a gun and you set it to their head, in our neighborhood, they look at it as an execution.

DWYER: But what Womack needs now is he states he would like to see expenses towards this police officer. And for now, Michigan State Law enforcement are nonetheless investigating, and until that investigation is finish, Grand Rapids states it is really not releasing the name of the officer.

INSKEEP: Dustin, thanks for the update.

DWYER: Thank you.

INSKEEP: Which is Dustin Dwyer of Michigan Radio.


INSKEEP: Alright, New Yorkers commence their commute this early morning recognizing an alleged subway attacker is in custody.

FADEL: Frank R. James is accused of receiving on a crowded subway prepare Tuesday early morning, environment off two smoke grenades and then firing a handgun 33 instances. 10 people have been hit by bullets, a dozen extra hurt in the panic that ensued. The suspect is scheduled to have his very first court docket visual appeal today on federal terrorism charges that could carry a existence sentence if convicted. Police continue to really don’t have a apparent motive.

INSKEEP: NPR’s Quil Lawrence is covering this tale in New York. Quil, excellent morning.

QUIL LAWRENCE, BYLINE: Superior early morning.

INSKEEP: How was Mr. James apprehended?

LAWRENCE: Well, he was named as a person of desire, and then the authorities flooded all of traditional and social media with images and information. They have been scanning hrs of surveillance, and they were being in a position to kind of monitor him obtaining back again on the subway and heading to Manhattan. Many ideas might have been known as in by the community, but it really is not obvious that mattered due to the fact police resources have explained to the Connected Press and other news stores that it was James himself who referred to as the tip line, and then the law enforcement located him in Reduce Manhattan.

INSKEEP: Which is a wild depth. So what is recognized about him?

LAWRENCE: Born in New York. He is lived in Philadelphia and Milwaukee. He’s 62. He has a criminal document in the ’90s but no felonies. The police say if he’d experienced a felony, he wouldn’t have been able to obtain his 9 mm handgun, which NYPD Main of Detectives James Essig stated he bought out of condition.


JAMES ESSIG: The gun used in this, a 9 mm Glock, which was recovered at this crime scene, was procured by Mr. James in 2011 in Ohio.

LAWRENCE: And that is the pistol that was found out at the criminal offense scene and traced back to James. The relaxation is just what ever men and women can glean from these extensive, bigoted, ranting video clips that he experienced posted on the web above the many years, which integrated references to his possess feasible psychological health troubles and criticism of New York Mayor Eric Adams and criminal offense in New York Metropolis.

INSKEEP: Supplied that evidence, this sort of as it is, what does the motive appear like it might be?

LAWRENCE: You know, how all that led to this, it is really all speculation from those people films, but there’s very little very clear or logical that you can attract out. He’d clearly prepared to do some thing. The police uncovered his rented van, gasoline, a hatchet, far more ammunition, deserted at the crime scene. They observed far more guns and ammunition at what appeared to be one of his residences in Philadelphia. But what he planned to do and how it arrived to this is definitely not straightforward to say.

INSKEEP: You know, Quil, I have not been able to assume about this story the previous pair of days with no possessing the assumed that it really is amazing that no one is lifeless – even so, a terrifying incident. How has this afflicted the mood of the metropolis, exactly where you’re at?

LAWRENCE: I was on the subway inside several hours of the attack, on the same route, actually. And it – New Yorkers, you know, they’re a tricky great deal, but there is a great deal of nervousness on prime of all the COVID anxiety. Men and women are usually seeking around on the subway. You will find often a few people with no masks, but practically everyone’s masked. Gun violence is up in the metropolis. Last evening immediately after the arrest, a handful of hrs right after the arrest of Frank James, a teen was grazed by a bullet exterior a single of Brooklyn’s busiest subway hubs, and there were many other gun crimes dedicated in the time it took to apprehend James. So Mayor Eric Adams was elected as kind of a rough-on-crime Democrat. He is a former cop. But it really is tough to say what would have prevented somebody from shopping for a gun in a unique state and bringing it to New York City and working with it in a mass taking pictures on the subway.

INSKEEP: Quil, thanks so a great deal.

LAWRENCE: Thank you, Steve.

INSKEEP: NPR’s Quil Lawrence.


INSKEEP: The Biden administration says it’s encouraging Ukraine in its investigation of war crimes.

FADEL: So what does that American enable glimpse like? The U.S. and European allies have joined Ukraine in accusing President Vladimir Putin of committing war crimes. It can be a cost that is effortless to make and tough to prove.

INSKEEP: NPR justice correspondent Ryan Lucas is on the tale. Ryan, great early morning.

RYAN LUCAS, BYLINE: Superior early morning, Steve.

INSKEEP: What kind does the American enable acquire?

LUCAS: So I spoke with Beth Van Schaack about this. She’s the Point out Department’s ambassador-at-substantial for worldwide legal justice. And she states the Justice Office and Point out Division are doing the job with European allies to help the Ukrainian prosecutor basic who is investigating on the floor. The Point out Section is also serving to fund outside the house industry experts, experienced war crimes legal professionals and investigators who are helping Ukrainian authorities. Van Schaack says all of this is critical.

BETH VAN SCHAACK: It is really extremely important for the sanctity and integrity of history to document these crimes, to make guaranteed that we have preserved and authenticated the evidence that is currently being generated in the numerous crime scenes close to Ukraine.

LUCAS: It is really also important, she says, that victims know that the environment sees what they went by way of and that it is working to attempt to supply justice.

INSKEEP: How is it accurately that nongovernmental groups would help to examine probable war crimes?

LUCAS: So before the war began, the U.S. was funding a team of international authorities who ended up assisting Ukraine examine feasible war crimes next Russia’s takeover of Crimea and Donbas in 2014. This team is produced up of prosecutors, investigators, forensic gurus – all individuals with intensive working experience doing the job these varieties of cases. A single of these individuals foremost the hard work is Clint Williamson. He’s a former U.S. ambassador for war crimes troubles. He suggests the group is ramping up its functions now and concentrating on probable crimes considering that Russia’s complete-scale invasion. As part of this, they want to deploy teams of international authorities to Ukraine to insist investigators there. At minimum a person these kinds of staff is at present on the floor. Now, Williamson suggests Ukraine has extremely able investigators, but they have mostly dealt with lower-stage crimes in the previous, and the scope and scale of what they’re going through now is pretty distinctive.

CLINT WILLIAMSON: You know, you are most likely wanting at command accountability scenarios that can go up to senior political and military services leaders. So this gets to be just a considerably a lot more intricate investigative and prosecutorial technique.

LUCAS: And that’s wherever the outdoors experts’ experience and know-how can arrive in.

INSKEEP: That phrase prosecutorial – there is a big difference between reporting a story, finding the idea of what is actually transpired, which we have by now carried out, and basically building up legal proof to that felony common. What kinds of proof very likely appear into enjoy?

LUCAS: Very well, all kinds of issues. Investigators will be interviewing eyewitnesses, of course. They’ll be looking at ballistics proof to see what munitions have been utilized. They can discover the place certain Russian military services units were and who was in command. The U.S. and its allies in certain can also deliver intelligence, items like communications intercepts. Here is Van Schaack once again.

VAN SCHAACK: So accumulating all of this together will be extremely critical direct evidence of possibly orders owning been been given or people today admitting to having participated in the Commission of Global Crimes.

INSKEEP: All of this with an eye towards likely trials. But what’s the venue for the trial?

LUCAS: Very well, one particular solution would be the Worldwide Criminal Court, which has opened an investigation. The U.S. is not a social gathering to the court docket, so that complicates points a bit. But there are Ukraine’s courts, of system, which have jurisdiction in this article. And you can find also the risk of courts in some European countries whose guidelines allow nationwide authorities to prosecute worldwide crimes. But this is even now incredibly a great deal, of study course, an ongoing war, and the critical issue now is to document what’s heading on.

INSKEEP: NPR’s justice correspondent Ryan Lucas. Many thanks.

LUCAS: Thank you.

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